National parks in India

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Written By Santana

Unveiling India's Treasures from the eyes of an insightful author

There are 104 National operational parks in India. They cover 43,716 square kilometers. In addition, there are 75 National Parks with an area of 16,608 square kilometers that are yet to be developed.

National parks in India

India is blessed with Natural resources, including Forests, Mountains, vegetation, and Wildlife.

India is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna, and the country has established numerous national parks and wildlife sanctuaries to protect and conserve its biodiversity.

Top 10 famous national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in India:

  1. Jim Corbett National Park – Located in Uttarakhand, this is India’s oldest national park and is famous for its population of Bengal tigers.
  2. Kaziranga National Park – Located in Assam, this park is home to the largest population of the one-horned rhinoceros in the world.
  3. Ranthambore National Park – Located in Rajasthan, this park is known for its population of Bengal tigers and is one of the best places in India to spot these majestic predators.
  4. Kanha National Park – Located in Madhya Pradesh, this park is the inspiration behind Rudyard Kipling’s “The Jungle Book.” It is home to various wildlife, including tigers, leopards, and Indian bison.
  5. Gir National Park – Located in Gujarat, this is the only place in the world where the Asiatic lion is found in the wild.
  6. Sunderbans National Park – Located in West Bengal, this park is home to the Royal Bengal tiger and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  7. Bandhavgarh National Park – Located in Madhya Pradesh, this park is known for its high density of tigers and is considered one of the best places in India to spot these big cats.
  8. Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary – Located in Kerala, this sanctuary is home to elephants, tigers, and numerous other wildlife species.
  9. Sariska National Park – Located in Rajasthan, this park is known for its population of Bengal tigers and is also home to leopards and wild dogs.
  10. Pench National Park – Located in Madhya Pradesh, this park is known for its population of tigers and is also home to a variety of other wildlife, including leopards, wild dogs, and Indian bison.

Complete list of national parks in the country :

NamesStateYear formed
Area sq. km
Famous for
Anamudi Shola National ParkKerala20038
Anshi National ParkKarnataka1987417Great hornbill, tiger, leopard, black panther, bear, elephant.
Balphakram National ParkMeghalaya1986220Wild water buffalo, red panda, elephant, and eight cat species, including the tiger and marbled cat
Bandhavgarh National ParkMadhya Pradesh19824461336 species of endemic plants
Kuno National ParkMadhya Pradesh2018345
Omkareshwar National ParkMadhya Pradesh2004651
Bandipur National ParkKarnataka1974874Chital, Bengal tiger, gray langurs, Indian giant squirrel, gaur, leopard, sambar deer, Indian elephants, honey buzzard, red-headed vulture
Bannerghatta National ParkKarnataka1986104Tiger, sloth bear, peacock, elephant, sambar deer, mouse deer
Betla National ParkJharkhand19991135Tiger, Indian bison, elephant, hyenas, monkey, leopard
Bhitarkanika National ParkOdisha1988145Blackbuck Lodge, the endangered Indian grey wolf, the nocturnal striped hyena, the Indian fox, the golden jackal, the jungle cat, and many small mammals like a hare, gerbil, field mice, mongoose, and hedgehog.
Bison (Rajbari) National ParkTripura200732
Blackbuck National Park, VelavadarGujarat197634Blackbuck Lodge, the endangered Indian grey wolf, the nocturnal striped hyena, Indian fox, the golden jackal, the jungle cat, and many small mammals like a hare, gerbil, field mice, mongoose, and hedgehog.
Buxa Tiger ReserveWest Bengal1992760
Campbell Bay National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands1992426
Chandoli National ParkMaharashtra2004318
Clouded Leopard National ParkTripura20035
Dachigam National ParkJammu and Kashmir1981141The only area where Kashmir stag is found
Desert National ParkRajasthan19803162Great Indian Bustard
Dibru-Saikhowa National ParkAssam1999340Feral horse
Dehing Patkai National ParkAssam2020232
Raimona National ParkAssam2021422
Dudhwa National ParkUttar Pradesh1977490Tiger, Sambar deer, hog deer
Eravikulam National ParkKerala197897Nilgiri tahr, Strobilanthes kunthiana
Galathea National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands1992110Wild Asian buffalo, tiger reserve, hill Mynas
Gangotri National ParkUttarakhand19892390Gaumukh Glacier
Gir Forest National ParkGujarat19751412Asiatic lion
Gorumara National ParkWest Bengal199479The park is rich in large herbivores, including Indian rhinoceros, gaur, Asian elephant, sloth bear, chital, and sambar deer.
Govind Pashu Vihar National ParkUttarakhand1955472
Great Himalayan National ParkHimachal Pradesh1984754UNESCO World Heritage Site
Gugamal National ParkMaharashtra1987361
Guindy National ParkTamil Nadu19763Has more than 2000 chitals, 493 blackbucks, and 84 jackals.
Gulf of Mannar Marine National ParkTamil Nadu19806has 8 species of whales and 21 small coral islands
Guru Ghasidas National ParkChhattisgarh19811441Largest national park of Chhattisgarh
Hemis National ParkLadakh19814400Largest National park in India
Indravati National ParkChhattisgarh19811258On the bank of Yamuna River
Jaldapara National ParkWest Bengal2012216Indian Rhinoceros
Jim Corbett National ParkUttarakhand19361319Tiger, the easternmost National Park
Kalesar National ParkHaryana2003101On the bank of Yamuna river
Kanha National ParkMadhya Pradesh1955940Barasingha or swamp deer
Kanger Ghati National ParkChhattisgarh1982200
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National ParkTelangana19941
Kaziranga National ParkAssam1974859Indian rhinoceros, UNESCO World Heritage Site
Keibul Lamjao National ParkManipur197740Only floating park in the world
Keoladeo National ParkRajasthan198129UNESCO World Heritage Site
Khangchendzonga National ParkSikkim19771784UNESCO World Heritage Site
Khirganga National ParkHimachal Pradesh2010710
Kishtwar National ParkJammu and Kashmir1981400
Kudremukh National ParkKarnataka1987600
Kuno National ParkMadhya Pradesh2018749Asiatic Lion Reintroduction Project
Madhav National ParkMadhya Pradesh1959375
Mahatma Gandhi Marine National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands1983282
Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National ParkTelangana199415
Manas National ParkAssam1990950UNESCO World Heritage Site, contiguous with Royal Manas National Park, Bhutan
Mandla Plant Fossils National ParkMadhya Pradesh19830
Marine National Park, Gulf of KutchGujarat1980163
Mathikettan Shola National ParkKerala200313Elephants
Middle Button Island National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands19870
Mollem National ParkGoa1978107
Mouling National ParkArunachal Pradesh1986483
Mount Harriet National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands198747Important bird area as attributed by BirdLife International
Mrugavani National ParkTelangana19944
Mudumalai National ParkTamil Nadu1940322Second oldest National Park in India. Has 103 tigers.
Mukundra Hills National ParkRajasthan2006201
Mukurthi National ParkTamil Nadu200178Nilgiri tahr
Murlen National ParkMizoram1991100
Nagarhole National ParkKarnataka1988643aka Rajiv Gandhi National Park (Nagarhole)
Namdapha National ParkArunachal Pradesh19741985Tiger, easternmost National Park
Nameri National ParkAssam1978137
Nanda Devi National ParkUttarakhand1982630UNESCO World Heritage Site, UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve
Navegaon National ParkMaharashtra1975134
Neora Valley National ParkWest Bengal198688
Nokrek National ParkMeghalaya198647UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve
North Button Island National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands19790
Ntangki National ParkNagaland1993202
Orang National ParkAssam199979aka Rajiv Gandhi National Park (Orang)
Pambadum Shola National ParkKerala20031Nilgiri marten, Nilgiri wood pigeon, Nilgiri langur, Nilgiri flycatcher, Blue rock-thrush
Panna National ParkMadhya Pradesh1981543
Papikonda National ParkAndhra Pradesh20081013Royal Bengal Tiger, Leopards, rusty-spotted cat, King CobraIt is an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area and home to some endangered species of flora and fauna.
Pench National ParkMadhya Pradesh1977758Rudyard Kipling’s ‘Jungle Book’ was set in this NP.
Periyar National ParkKerala1982305Malabar parakeet, Malabar grey hornbill, Nilgiri laughing thrush, Nilgiri blue robin, great hornbill, Malabar pied hornbill, lion-tailed macaque, hairy-winged bat
Phawngpui Blue Mountain National ParkMizoram199250
Pin Valley National ParkHimachal Pradesh1987807
Rajaji National ParkUttarakhand1983820Mainly known for elephants, tigers, leopards, and several birds, reptiles, and mammals.
Rajiv Gandhi National Park (Rameswaram)Andhra Pradesh20052
Rani Jhansi Marine National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands1996256
Ranthambore National ParkRajasthan1981392Tiger Reserve.
Saddle Peak National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands197933
Salim Ali National ParkJammu and Kashmir19929
Sanjay National Park[6]Madhya Pradesh1981467
Sanjay Gandhi National ParkMaharashtra198387Indian Leopard, Rhesus Macaque, Bonnet Macaque, Spotted Deer, Hanuman Langur, Indian Flying Fox, Indian Hare, Barking Deer, Porcupine, Palm Civet, Mouse Deer
Sariska Tiger ReserveRajasthan1955866
Satpura National ParkMadhya Pradesh1981524
Silent Valley National ParkKerala1980237Indian bison, Travancore flying squirrel, Salim Ali’s fruit bat, Stripe-necked mongoose, Blue-winged parakeet, Crimson-backed sunbird
Simbalbara National ParkHimachal Pradesh201028
Sirohi National ParkManipur198241
Simlipal National ParkOdisha19802750Tiger, leopard, Asian elephant, sambar, barking deer, gaur, jungle cat, wild boar
Singalila National ParkWest Bengal198679
South Button Island National ParkAndaman and Nicobar Islands19870Dugong, dolphin, water monitor lizard, the blue whale, and smallest National park in India
Sri Venkateswara National ParkAndhra Pradesh1989353
Sultanpur National ParkHaryana19891
Sundarbans National ParkWest Bengal19841330UNESCO World Heritage Site
Tadoba National ParkMaharashtra1955625Tiger
Valley of Flowers National ParkUttarakhand198288UNESCO World Heritage Site, the most beautiful national park in the world
Valmiki National ParkBihar1976898tigers
Vansda National ParkGujarat197924Leopard, Dhole, Rhesus Macaque, Common Palm Civet, Hanuman Langur, Small Indian Civet, Four-Horned Antelope, Wild Boar, Indian Porcupine, Barking Deer, Striped Hyena, Jungle Cat, Flying Squirrel, Pangolin and Indian Giant Squirrel.
Van Vihar National ParkMadhya Pradesh19834


Also Read: Sariska Tiger Reserve, Alwar

deer park
Spotted wild deer animal in the National Park / Other names Chital, Cheetal, Axis deer

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